The Apartment – 1960 Review

The Apartment **** out of ****
The Apartment is Billy Wilder’s best film.  And that’s saying something seeing how this is the same guy that both wrote and directed movies like Double Indemnity, The Lost Weekend, and Sunset Blvd.  The film is written very well and the acting proves that point.  The Apartment is serious, but you laugh with it.  It’s comedic, but with dark undertones.  The film never takes itself too serious.  It takes us to the dark side briefly without selling out its lighthearted tone.
Most of us, especially those my age probably think of Shirley MacLaine as the mother from Terms of Endearment, the grouch from Steel Magnolias or any other matronly, yet comedic and entertaining roles.  Unfortunately, our minds aren’t trained to automatically think of that adorable elevator girl with the quick-witted disposition from The Apartment.  MacLaine plays Fran, an easy-going young woman who seems just fine on the outside, but internally she struggles over her relationship with corporate executive Jeff Sheldrake (played by Billy Wilder regular, Fred MacMurray), who has a family of his own and continuously gives Fran empty promises of running away together.  Fran sports the short bob cut in a film era where noir was big and along with it, long, wavy and shiny hair.  MacLaine’s style and likeness in The Apartment could be easily compared to that of Zooey Deshchannel (or vice versa) in the perfectly made 500 Days of Summer, a similar film in many instances (see also Annie Hall).  Fran isn’t flashy, but definitely fashionable.
I’ve always thought that Jack Lemon, who plays C.C. Baxter, was a great actor.  However, his mannerisms (in many films) seem overly emphatic and too emerged into the part.  For me, this technique of his makes him somewhat annoying to me.  (I would expect a flood of hate emails from all the Jack Lemon faithful out there, but most of them are probably dead and those that aren’t probably don’t know how to work the email.) C. C. Baxter is a loveable, hard-working young man who is easily manipulated by the corporate executives at his work.  They promise him promotions and raises in exchange for the use of his apartment with their secret girlfriends after a night on the town.  We know Baxter to be a nice guy, but his neighbors assume that he’s a partier and a ladies’ man on account of all the music, empty liquor bottles on his doorstep and noise coming from his apartment nearly every night.
The Apartment is completely timeless.  In 50 years, people will be watching this film and appreciating just as much as I am now and as the public did 50 years ago when the film won the Oscar for Best Picture in 1960.  It does contain a few moments that seem a little weird today, though.  For instance, Baxter tells Fran that he knows all about her because he pulled her insurance file and read up on her.  That seems a little stalker-ish to me but what do I know?  Back then there was no Facebook.  There was no way to stalk someone in the privacy of your own home.  For all I know back then it could have been completely normal and perhaps even flattering to have someone go to such lengths to find out stuff about you.  He tells her everything he knows about her including the removal of her appendix to which she simply smiles and says not mention “that appendix part to anyone or they’ll wonder how you found out”.  This sets up a cute counter joke by Baxter later on in the film.
There are a few scenes that standout to me, mostly those that take place in the closed space of the apartment where Joseph LaShelle’s cinematography really stands out.  One of the more entertaining scenes shows a sick Baxter, after double-booking his apartment, at work as he tries to take his temperature and restructure his entire calendar at the same time.  A little over the top, perhaps, but that’s Jack Lemon (see Glengarry Glen Ross).  Another favorite of mine is in the end; the camera moves parallel with Fran as she runs down a New York sidewalk towards the Apartment.  Her head is back and short hair blows in the wind as she runs and smiles with the sweeping score playing in the background.
The Apartment won the Oscar for Best Picture, Best Director and Original Screenplay (Billy Wilder), Art Direction (Alexander Trauner, Edward G. Boyle) and Film Editing (Daniel Mandell).  The film was also nominated for Best Actor (Jack Lemon), Best Actress (Shirley MacLaine), Best Supporting Actor (Jack Kruschen), Sound Recording and Cinematography.

The Alamo – 1960 Review

The Alamo **1/2 out of ****
The Alamo was nominated for Best Picture in 1960 and was directed by John Wayne, who was actual a pretty decent director.  His ability to direct large numbers of actors and horses in their formations and battle situations over large amounts of land are reminiscent of the legendary Akira Kurosawa, especially his work in Ran.  Likewise, the cinematography (William H. Clothier) was one of the better things about the movie.  Anything with wide open landscape always helps but one can definitely tell that some thought went into the shooting of this film.
The Alamo is a typical Western film that one might find coming out of the 50’s and 60’s.  The genre hasn’t really survived since then, except for a few obvious films (Butch Cassidy & the Sundance Kid, Unforgiven, No Country For Old Men).   In my opinion it’s the times that changed, and not the Western.  Back then, a good Western with shootouts, dames and saloons seemed to be just what the doctor ordered.  Things are different now.  It’s a realism thing.
Being a Western, some things are naturally exaggerated.  However, since The Alamo was based on an actual event, one would assume that we would get a little more reality out of the deal.  But again, this was 1960, not 2010.  1960 had different notions and needs.  Perhaps escapism was the purpose back then.  The Alamo (film) notoriously created myths regarding the actual events that took place and the heroes that participated in them.  The film focuses on Davy Crockett (John Wayne), Jim Bowie (Richard Widmark) and William Travis (Laurence Harvey), three of the more familiar names in history and their apparent struggle to both get along with each other and hold off the Mexican army from going further into Texas.  Being a Hollywood film in the early 60’s, naturally the actual story is altered to become more interesting, but I think that the real story itself would’ve been fine.  The film could’ve been just as entertaining and even more fascinating if it were more honest.  It didn’t need the fluff. 
The film is too long and takes quite a while to really get going.  Characters are introduced and not developed.  Scenes exist for no other reason than to further acknowledge the existence of Davy Crocket and Jim Bowie.  And there are too many speeches.  Imagine a world where words come so abundantly and eloquently.  At 2 ½ hours, all of these things contribute to a film that is about thirty minutes too long. 
The soldiers don’t take fighting seriously.  They joke and smile and laugh and get drunk and fight.  All for comedic elements I’m sure, but it’s almost to the point of becoming slapstick.  Take these scenes and couple it with a cheesy, whimsical score and you get something that is rather hard to take seriously.  They could die soon, but they are horsing around.  A film about the Alamo and the battles surrounding it can contain moments of humor, but for the most part should be at least slightly more somber.  My negativity towards the film is picking out sub-flaws within the one main flaw of being overly unrealistic.
However, the last 25 minutes of this film were extremely emotional.  In setting up for the final battle scene, where the soldiers all but know they will not make it out alive, we hear an appropriate dramatic score and see various scenes of soldiers sitting in quiet recollection or exchanging thoughtful words.  In one moment, Crocket and Bowie are sitting against the wall in the evening before the final battle.  Bowie asks Crocket what he’s thinking about to which Crocket replies, “Not thinking, just remembering.”  I completely buy into the fact that this would be how people would spend their final moments of life if they knew they probably would not live.  The last 25 minutes of the film are by far the most real.  Nothing is fabricated here.  It’s all sincere; full of great acting and great lines.
The Alamo won the Academy Award for Sound Recording and was nominated for Picture, Supporting Actor (Chill Wills), Drama/Comedy Score (Dimitri Tiomkin), Original Song, Cinematography & Film Editing (Stuart Gilmore).

New Releases – Friday September 24

This Friday, September 24th the highly anticipated Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps is getting released to over 3,500 screens.  The sequel to the 1987 film, Wall Street, is also directed by Oliver Stone, a very active director but one who seems to have lost his touch in recent years.  The film stars the familiar face of Michael Douglas, who has had a busy year with the Wall Street sequel as well as the independent film Solitary Man, plays the notorious Gordon Grekko, of whom Douglas won an Oscar for) now fresh out of jail.  Shia LeBeouf and Academy Award Nominee Carey Mulligan give the film its youth, while Josh Brolin and Susan Sarandon round out this strong cast list.  Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps premiered at the 2010 Cannes Film Festival in France and will be playing at theaters in the Nashville area this weekend.
The newest flop starring Kristen Bell gets a release this weekend and is already sitting on a terrifyingly low 16% on Rottentomatoes.  If you’ve never heard of You Again, then simply log on to any movie website and take a glance at the advertisements on the side of the page where the ladies are holding torn pictures of each other.  You Again is a film directed by Andy Fickman (Race to Witch Mountain, The Game Plan), who for once doesn’t call upon “The Rock’ Dwayne Johnson to star.  Kristen Bell is tolerable when surrounded by comedic actors (see Forgetting Sarah Marshall), but couldn’t hold a film up on her own to save her life (see When In Rome).  Go ahead and add You Again to the list of shows/movies/commercials that have recently attempted to exploit the comedy of Betty White (see The Proposal).  You Again also stars Sigourney Weaver and Jamie Lee Curtis, who for some reason feel like the same person to me.  If you’re looking for a reason to go see this film, then I’ll give you two: Kristin Chenoweth and victor garber.
Legend of the Guardians:  The Owls of Ga’Hoole has been a one of the worst previews I have seen all summer.  I can’t seem to get away from it, but you can bet that I won’t be anywhere near the screening of this film in its entirety.  Based on the seemingly interminable series of books by Kathryn Lasky, Guardians is packed with sleek, bright and anueristic 3D animation and a blaring soundtrack that sounds as if it’s been turned to volume eleven.  Legend of the Guardians is directed by Zack Snyder (300 & Watchmen), who is known for the glossy looks of his films and perhaps the minimal substance therein.  Snyder tries his hand at animation just before his next surrealistic action-packed film, Suckerpunch.  Legend of the Guardians has a prerelease rating in the mid 40%’s on the Tomatometer.  If you’re looking for something to take the kids to, then Toy Story 3 is still at Regal Hollywood 27 for what looks like it’s last week.
Check in next week for the much anticipated release of The Social Network.

New Releases – Friday, September 17

This Friday, September 17, there are quite a few films coming out in the Nashville area.  As we approach the fall, we start to see some of the better films rise to the surface.  We get a small taste of some of those films this weekend with The Town.
The Town is probably one of the most anticipated films in the past couple of months and has a solid 91% pre-release score on Rottentomatoes (which could rise/fall a few percentage points come tomorrow).  Ben Affleck directs and stars in the town along with every man’s actor, Chris Cooper, Mad Man Jon Ham, Gossip Gal Blake Lively and Jeremy Renner in his first big film since he was nominated for Best Actor in the fabulous 2010 Best Picture winner, The Hurt Locker.  The Town looks like it could fit right into the same mold as Gone Baby Gone, Affleck’s first film as a director, but slightly more promising.  Gone Baby Gone had moments of greatness.  It had style, great acting performances and some haunting scenes, but had a script that at times felt sugary and ultimately had an ending that stunk.  The Town has a cast of some of the best TV actors whose careers will no doubt benefit from being in this film.
Devil, that elevator movie you’ve been seeing in the commercials, gets a release today and M. Night Shyamalan’s name is on it, but thankfully it’s as a producer and not a director.  This is a good thing because he hasn’t made a good film since Signs, which begs the question why a film would want his name on it.  Obviously, they are doing this to sell more tickets, but these days seeing “Shyamalan” on a movie acts as a repellant.  Devil was not screened for critics, either; meaning that the producers expect negative reviews, which will detract from ticket sales.  So it’s safe to assume that those who made Devil know it’s bad so they put Shyamalan’s name on it and did not allow critics to see the film before today.  I’m not sure that either Shyamalan or the film will benefit at all from the name-dropping, but I think it’s safe to say that both are “going down”.
If you’ve been to movies at all this summer then you’ve more than likely seen previews of Easy A, a high-school comedy that feels like a combination of Mean Girls and Saved.  Emma Stone, who seems on the verge of “big-time”, stars as Olive, a girl who purposely earns a bad reputation at school in order to improve her social standing. Easy A also stars Amanda Bynes, Thomas Haden Church, Patricia Clarkson, Lisa Kudrow, Stanley Tucci and…wait for it…Malcolm McDowell.  The film is getting positive pre-release reviews and it’s got a really good cast so maybe a light-hearted comedy with a decent story is just what you need this weekend, but don’t expect it to be memorable.
I assume you saw Toy Story 3 this summer.  If so, then you realize that I’m wasting my breath by writing about a film called Alpha & Omega, which is also getting a release this Friday, September 17th.  It’s a 3D animation about two wolves that get lost and then have to find their way home.  Don’t even consider going unless you have kids.  Judging from the dated animation, tired plot and the reviews on Rottentomatoes, which is a dismal 13%, you might be better off skipping this one.  If you do have kids, then I should let you know that both Toy Story 3 and Despicable me are still playing in the Nashville area.

The Sundowners 1961 – REVIEW

The Sundowners was nominated for Best Picture in 1960 and is a film about the Carmody’s, a family of Australian sheep drovers. They roam the Outback and never settle in any one place for too long. They herd sheep to any given destination, get odd jobs at that place and then after a few months, move on. The Carmody’s consist of a father, named Paddy (Robert Mitchum), the mother, Ida (Deborah Kerr) and Sean. Ida and Sean want to settle down and build a home, but Paddy, the “grizzled” Australian father, wants to keep moving on. What little money they make is usually spent gambling and/or drinking by Paddy. What was meant to be an epic film about the struggles of a nomadic family traveling through the Outback of Australia turns out to be a long and grueling borefest. It is riddled with random close-up shots of animals unique to the Outback doing things that are probably meant to make the audience laugh. However, a shot of a cute animal, like a koala bear, immediately following the near-death experience of the Carmody’s in a wild-fire is completely out of place. Plus, Koala Bears will tear your face off. I also got the impression that these animal scenes exist to show off the Australian wildlife. Despite the fact that this might be the 1960 audience’s only chance to get to see the Outback, I still think this was pretty lame.

The Sundowners was directed by Fred Zinneman, who made many great films like Oklahoma!, From Here to Eternity, Nigh Noon & A Man For All Seasons. However, he managed to churn out a dud the size of Wolf Creek Crater. The only good thing I could say about this film is the cinematography, which is half-way decent at best but botches many opportunities for great shots and instead goes for those animal close-ups in their habitat.

Einstein’s theory of relativity doesn’t apply in this film. Things seem to happen for no reason. Effects occur despite the fact that there may have been no cause. Reactions take place without there being neither an equal nor an opposite action to put it into motion. Actors laugh at sad things and the audience doesn’t laugh at all. All of this must be chalked up to bad writing, even though it got an Adapted Screenplay nomination. Not only that, but the story has no flow. The film never goes anywhere but the characters are constantly on the road. It’s editing is choppy.

This nomadic family finds a temporary place where they all get jobs and finally seem content. Then the family starts gambling with other workers. They bet on timed sheep shedding contests, coin tosses, and finally horse racing. They win a horse through coin toss betting and somehow, their son Sean becomes an overnight expert jockey and, fully clothed in jockey apparel, races their new horse and wins lots of money.

The Carmody’s pick up a British drifter named Rupert (Peter Ustinov). He’s fat and gives antidotal bits of advice here and there that are meant to be funny, but are not. He drinks tea when the others drink coffee and he smokes his cigarette through a holder. His British habits mixed with the family’s Australian way of doing things show a difference in them, but a difference that is not in the least bit funny nor interesting.

At over two hours in length, the film attempts to capture that “epic-ness”, but it does not. It’s epic in length, but certainly not epic in the ways that we think of when we speak of epic films like, Gone With The Wind, Lawrence of Arabia, Ben-Hur, Titanic, There Will Be Blood. Not to compare The Sundowners to these other masterpieces, but these films at least have substance. The Sundowners is empty; a long, empty movie that hopes the elements it lacks will somehow find their way to the surface.

Being “epic” and set in Australia, one would think that the film would find a way to grab nominations for Cinematography, Art Direction, Costume Design, Editing and Original Music, but The Sundowners received no such nominations. Movies on as grand a scale as The Sundowners attempts to be, must grab some of these nominations, especially given that the film was a Best Picture nominee. Deborah Kerr and Glynis Johns managed to take nominations for Actress and Supporting Actress, respectively. Isobel Lennart was nominated for Adapted Screenplay for her efforts in turning the book into a movie, which seems a regrettable effort now. Fred Zinneman, who won four Oscars in his career, managed to find himself nominated for director.

So I have watched this film in 2010 and did not like it, but I have to ask myself, “How was the film relevant in 1960?” Was it the fondness of the actors by the public that earned the film its nomination? Was it Zinnemann’s track record of making so many great films that it came to the point where he just had to throw something together in order get nominated? Was it the fact that it showcased the Outback, which gave the audience a rare glance at this foreign land? Perhaps, but this film does not stand the test of time.

The Sundowners…Australian for suck.

*1/2 out of ****

Nashville Movie Examiner

Nashville Classic Movie Examiner

Twitter: citizen_craig

Leave Her To Heaven 1945

Leave Her to Heaven ***1/2 out of ****

It’s been said that jealousy is the deadliest of all the seven sins. That is certainly true in “Leave Her to Heaven”, where envy leads to lust, greed, sloth, pride and ultimately tons of wrath. Leave Her to Heaven was directed by John M. Staul in 1945 and is based on the novel written by Ben Ames Williams. It’s about a woman named Ellen, played by Gene Tierney (Laura, Heaven Can Wait), who becomes so obsessed with her husband, Rich (Cornel Wilde) that she stops at nothing to make sure that she keeps him all to herself.

The Belcourt will be screening a new 35mm print of Leave Her to Heaven this Saturday-Monday, September 11-13.

Ellen meets Rich on a train. Ellen falls in love and tells everyone that they are getting married before Rich, himself, is even aware of the fact. Ellen then proposes to him. Rich and Ellen get married and she wastes no time getting obsessed. She gets jealous of her own family members. She resents any attention that Rich gives to anyone that’s not directed at her. Through a series of desperate and tragic acts carried out by Ellen in an effort to retain her control over Rich’s attention, lives are lost, the family is torn apart and their relationship to each other deteriorates.

Ellen, in the beginning of the film, is made to look elegant with wavy, shiny dark hair and deep red lipstick. Her wardrobe is fierce and every scene is taken as an opportunity to show off her fashion. Immediately following the first tragedy and during her pregnancy, Ellen’s look becomes slightly sinister. Her hair is up most of the time and, being pregnant, her wardrobe is maternal.

Resenting her pregnancy and becoming increasingly jealous of her cousin, Ruth (Jeanne Crain), the stunning woman from the beginning of the film now looks down right evil. At the same time, Ruth seems more grown-up and, with the passing of each scene, looks increasingly beautiful. This only helps to support Ellen’s on-screen allegations of a relationship between Rich and Ruth.

Gene Tierney received a Best Actress nomination for her role as the obsessed wife. The film was also nominated for Best Sound and Art Direction. Leon Shamroy (Planet of the Apes, Cleopatra), won the Oscar for Best Cinematography.

Leave Her to Heaven is quite bold for a film made in 1945. The subject matter suggests moral issues that were mostly censored in the mid 40’s. For instance, Ellen and Rich sleep in separate beds, but she moves over to his in the morning and wakes him up with a kiss. Being based on a novel, the film is pretty well written except for the ending courtroom scene, which contains a line of questioning by Ellen’s ex-fiance, Russell Quinton (Vincent Price) that seems to herd the audience toward how the writers want us to feel, however unrealistic it might be. Cornel Wilde is by no means a thespian, but the other actors do a decent enough job. Leave Her to Heaven is shot well, focusing on the actors and what they’re doing more so than on the background and scenery. The colors seem over-accentuated and pop right off the screen. The overall beautiful and magnificent color of the film is a great contrast to the pure evil that is going on within the film itself.

A new 35mm print of Leave Her to Heaven is playing at the Belcourt Theatre this Saturday-Monday, September 11-13. Following the 2:10 screening on Saturday, Megan Minarich, Ph.D Candidate in English at Vanderbilt University, will provide a post-screening commentary on the film, which has been recently restored by the Academy Film Archive. Check out the Belcourt’s website for a video clip of Martin Scorsese introducing Leave Her to Heaven.

Resident Evil: Afterlife (in 3D) … & Get Low

The only wide release this week isn’t even worth mentioning, but I’ll mention it anyways. Resident Evil: Afterlife (in 3D) is the fourth installment of the Resident Evil series and, for some reason, is getting released to 3,203 screens this weekend. What was once a horrifyingly entertaining series of video games has now become a grotesque, dead-on-its-feet series of movies, just like those zombies infected by the T-virus in Raccoon City all those years ago.

Resident Evil: Afterlife (in 3D) is the latest film to jump on the 3D bandwagon; no doubt to increase its ticket sales from pitiful to just plain fail. The Resident Evil films have each barely made over $50 million at best and I don’t see any reason why Resident Evil: Afterlife (in 3D) would be any different. Evidently, this franchise is taking a theistic approach, being that following an Apocalypse and then the subsequent Extinction, there must needs be an Afterlife. In Resident Evil: Afterlife (in 3D), the team roams the earth in search of survivors. It’s illogical to apply logic here, but there’s no point in searching for survivors after extinction. In fact, if you find yourself having survived extinction and then decide to go looking for survivors, then suffice it to say that you’re in an afterlife of some sort, although, it doesn’t sound like a very good one.

There are plenty of other films still out that you might want to go see besides Resident Evil: Afterlife (in 3D) like Machete, Going the Distance, The American, Piranha 3D, Scott Pilgrim vs. The World, Salt, Inception, Despicable Me & Toy Story. Click here for theatres and show times for Resident Evil: Afterlife (in 3D).

Another option for this weekend could be the independent film, Get Low, directed by Aaron Schneider and playing at several theatres in the Nashville area. Get Low has accumulated a vast amount of buzz over the last few months. The film premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival earlier this year and stars Robert Duvall, Bill Murray, Lucas Black and Sissy Spacek. Look for a Best Acting nomination for Robert Duvall.